The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It helps you walk, run, and jump. But when the tendon gets stretched too far, it can rupture, resulting in a complete or partial tear. This is usually due to a sudden and strong force on the tendon, which can happen when you jump, pivot on your foot, or move too quickly. It can also occur if you trip or fall.
If you rupture your Achilles tendon, you may feel a sudden pain, which can feel like a kick or a stab in the back of the ankle or calf. This will often subside into a dull pain. You may also feel a popping or snapping sensation. Additionally, swelling can occur on the back of your leg between your heel and your calf. It can be difficult to walk after the tendon ruptures as well as raise up onto your toes.
There are both nonsurgical and surgical options available for treating an Achilles tendon rupture, including:
- Achilles tendon repair surgery
- Taking over-the-counter pain relievers
- Using crutches
- Wearing a walking boot
The treatment method used depends on the severity of the rupture, your health status, and your activity level. A specialty-trained doctor will work with you to determine which approach best fits your needs.